Farmer’s perception of agrochemical use on honeybees and honey production in Benin: Implication for organic honey production


  • Anicet DASSOU High National School of Biosciences and Applied Biotechnologies (ENSBBA), National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Dassa, Benin
  • Corinne ANAGONOU Laboratory of Biotechnology, Genetic Resources and Plant and Animal Breeding (BIORAVE); National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Dassa, Benin
  • Sènan VODOUHE High National School of Biosciences and Applied Biotechnologies (ENSBBA), National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Dassa, Benin
  • Aristide ADJAI-EDIKOU High National School of Biosciences and Applied Biotechnologies (ENSBBA), National University of Sciences, Technologies, Engineering and Mathematics (UNSTIM), Dassa, Benin
  • Silvère TOVIGNAN Faculty of Agronomy (FA), University of Parakou (UP), Parakou, Benin
  • Barrès DASSOU Faculty of Agronomic Sciences (FSA), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin
  • Delphine BODJRENOU Beninese Organization for the promotion of Organic Agriculture (OBEPAB), Cotonou, Benin
  • Valentin KINDOMIHOU Laboratory of Applied Ecology (LEA), Faculty of Agronomic Sciences (FSA), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin
  • Léonard AFOUDA Faculty of Agronomy (FA), University of Parakou (UP), Parakou, Benin
  • Simplice VODOUHE Beninese Organization for the promotion of Organic Agriculture (OBEPAB) & Faculty of Agronomic Sciences (FSA), University of Abomey-Calavi (UAC), Cotonou, Benin


Mots-clés :

Apiculture, produits chimiques, abeilles, production du miel, Bénin


Beekeeping faces numerous challenges, including the use of agrochemicals. Honeybee colonies are lost because of chemical pesticides use in agriculture to control pests and diseases, which affects detoxifying mechanisms and immune responses, making them more vulnerable to parasites. The purpose of this study was to investigate people’s perception of the impact of agricultural pesticide use on the honeybee community and honey production in northern Benin. A survey was conducted using a questionnaire among 100 beekeepers. Individual interviews were used to gather information on treated crops, the distance between beehives and these cultivated fields, the effect of pesticides and herbicides, alternative methods to pesticide use and honey production. Chemical pesticides such as Callifor G, Kalach, Atrazila 80 WP, Herbextra, Atraforce, Adwumawura (480 SL), Cottonex, Thalis, Cotonix and Cypercal P 330 EC were used in agricultural fields, and beehives were typically found near treated fields. The majority of beekeepers (79%) are aware of the risks associated with pesticides and employ non-pesticide alternatives such as biopesticides to minimize them. In general, beekeepers reported a reduction in the big breed of bees and a 40% decrease in the little breed. When the beehives were placed far away from the treated areas, the honey yield was higher. Alternative pest management strategies to farmers' pesticide use would result in long-term increases in honey production and would constitute the main step of the conversion to organic apiculture in northern Benin.


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Periods of honey collection and pesticide uses




Comment citer

DASSOU, A., ANAGONOU, C., VODOUHE, S., ADJAI-EDIKOU, A., TOVIGNAN, S., DASSOU, B., BODJRENOU, D., KINDOMIHOU, V. ., AFOUDA, L., & VODOUHE, S. (2023). Farmer’s perception of agrochemical use on honeybees and honey production in Benin: Implication for organic honey production. Annales De l’Université De Parakou - Série Sciences Naturelles Et Agronomie, 13(1), 43–52.